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Monumentum

Mithraeum of Dura Europos

The most emblematic of the Syrian Mithraea was discovered in 1933 by a team led by the Russian historian Mikhaïl Rostovtzeff.
 
 
Mithraeum.eu
20 May 2007
 
  • Franz Cumont poses in front of the main altar at the Mithraeum of Dura Europos

    Franz Cumont poses in front of the main altar at the Mithraeum of Dura Europos
    Yale University 

  • Plano de la primera reconstrucción del Mitreo de Dura-Europos, a partir del 210 d.C.

    Plano de la primera reconstrucción del Mitreo de Dura-Europos, a partir del 210 d.C. 

  • Vista general del emplazamiento del Mitreo de Dura Europos

    Vista general del emplazamiento del Mitreo de Dura Europos 

  • Plano del primer Mitreo de Dura-Europos (168 d.C.). El santuario estaba limitado a la zona <em>A</em>.

    Plano del primer Mitreo de Dura-Europos (168 d.C.). El santuario estaba limitado a la zona A

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  • Sol and Mithras sharing a meal, Dura Europos

    Sol and Mithras sharing a meal, Dura Europos 

  • Detail of fresco Mithras Hunting from Dura Europos

    Detail of fresco Mithras Hunting from Dura Europos 

  • Detail of fresco Mithras Hunting from Dura Europos

    Detail of fresco Mithras Hunting from Dura Europos 

  • Fresque du Mithraeum de Dura Europos. La chasse de Mithra à cheval.

    Fresque du Mithraeum de Dura Europos. La chasse de Mithra à cheval. 

  • One of the tauroctony reliefs from Dura Europos

    One of the tauroctony reliefs from Dura Europos
    CIMRM 

  • Left 'Magi' from Dura Europos

    Left 'Magi' from Dura Europos
    Clark Hopkins 

  • Right 'Magi' from Dura Europos

    Right 'Magi' from Dura Europos
    Clark Hopkins 

 

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In February 1934 a Mithraeum was discovered on the N.W. side inside the rampart of Dura-Europos (Es-Sâlihiyeh) between gate 24 and 23. After the excavations it was transported to New Haven, Gallery of Fine Arts of Yale University.

'When the Mithraeum was founded in about 168 A.D. (see inscr. No. 39) it consisted of three apartments. Room A (L. 4.65 Br. 5.80), the Mithras shrine, was entered by an axial door through a partition separating it from a central chamber B (L. 5.75 Br. 3.50), originally a house diwan, that opened into a courtyard D to the south, and a small chamber C.
 
 

Related monuments

Sol and Mithras fresco of Dura Europos

Sol watches Mithras as he gazes Mithras gazes up to heaven while sharing the sacred meal.

Mithras hunting from Dura Europos

In this fresco from Dura Europas, Mithras hunts accompanied by the lion and the serpent.

Main Tauroctony relief from Dura Europos

The main relief of Mithras killing the bull from the Mithraeum of Dura Europos includes three persons named Zenobius, Jariboles and Barnaadath.

Frescoes of 'Magis' from Dura Europos

Some scholars have speculated that the scrolls both figures hold in their hands represent Eastern doctrines brought to the Western world.

 

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