Monumentum

Mithraeum of Inveresk

The Mithraeum of Inveresk, south of Musselburgh, East Lothian, is the first found in Scotland, and the earliest securely dated example from Britain.
 
 
PublishedThe New Mithraeum
19 Aug 2021
Updated on 27 Oct 2022
 
  • Altars to the Mithras and Sol of the Mithraeum of Inveresk

    Altars to the Mithras and Sol of the Mithraeum of Inveresk
    Current Archaeology 

  • Laser-scanning of the Sol altar of the Inveresk Mithraeum

    Laser-scanning of the Sol altar of the Inveresk Mithraeum
    Current Archaeology 

  • Inveresk altar with griffin.

    Inveresk altar with griffin.
    AOC Archaeology Group 

 

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Excavations to the east of the Roman fort of Inveresk in 2010 partly uncovered remains of a Mithraeum – the first from Scotland, and the earliest securely dated example from Britain.

A large rectangular sunken feature with lateral benches contained two altars buried face down at its north-western end. One was dedicated to Mithras, with iconography of both Mithras (ravens and a torch) and Apollo (griffin, lyre and a probable plectrum) as well as libation vessels. The other was dedicated to Sol, with a frieze above showing the four Seasons.
 
 

Related monuments

Altar with openwork of Inveresk

The altar of Sol from Inveresk, Scotland, was pierced, probably to illuminate part of the temple with a particular effect.

Altar of Inveresk with a griffin

This second altar discovered to date near Inveresk includes several elements unusual in Mithraic worship.

 

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