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Main Tauroctony relief from Dura Europos

The main relief of Mithras killing the bull from the Mithraeum of Dura Europos includes three persons named Zenobius, Jariboles and Barnaadath.
One of the tauroctony reliefs from Dura Europos

One of the tauroctony reliefs from Dura Europos

The New Mithraeum
2 Jun 2021
Updated on 31 Jan 2022

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Large relief in white gypsum (H. 0.67 Br. 1.05 D. 0.10). Above the smaller relief No. 37.

Mithras tauroctone in Eastern attire (Phrygian cap, cloak, tunic, trousers) sits full front on the bull's back. Between the knee and left fore leg of the bull there are seven small altars. Scorpion and torchbearers are lacking; a small dog and snake try to reach the bull's wound. On the top of Mithras' cloak perches a raven which faces the god. Above Mithras' head the bust of a bearded god (Saturn-Serapis) who wears a kalathos and radiate crown.

Related monuments

Mithraeum of Dura Europos

The most emblematic of the Syrian Mithraea was discovered in 1933 by a team led by the Russian historian Mikhaïl Rostovtzeff.

First Tauroctony relief of Dura Europos

One of the reliefs of the Dura Europos tauroctonies includes several characters with their respective names.

Sol and Mithras fresco of Dura Europos

Sol watches Mithras as he gazes Mithras gazes up to heaven while sharing the sacred meal.

Mithras hunting from Dura Europos

In this fresco from Dura Europas, Mithras hunts accompanied by the lion and the serpent.


Frescoes of 'Magis' from Dura Europos

Some scholars have speculated that the scrolls both figures hold in their hands represent Eastern doctrines brought to the Western world.

Inscription on the restoration of the Mithraeum of Dura Europos

Antonius Valentinus, centurio, made this plaque for the salut des empereurs Septimus Severus and Marcus Aurelius.

Graffiti to Kamelios from Dura Europos Mithraeum

The text mentions a certain Kamelios, described as immaculate miles.

Column with inscription from Dura Europos

The inscription pays homage to the emperor, probably Caracalla, to Mithras, the fathers, the petitor and the syndexioi.